Sleep disorders are changes in sleeping patterns or habits that can affect overall health, safety and quality of life. Some of the signs and symptoms of sleep disorders include excessive daytime sleepiness, increased leg movements during sleep, difficulty falling and maintaining sleep, night terrors, apneas or difficulty breathing at night, snoring, behavioral problems, bedwetting, and irregularity in sleep schedule. Commonly diagnosis seen in our office include obstructive sleep apnea, apnea of prematurity, Narcolepsy, Behavioral insomnia, irregular sleep-wake cycle, Insomnia due to medical condition, and central apneas.
With accurate diagnosis, we can treat most sleep disorders effectively. Diagnostic testing include a sleep study (polysomnogram), daytime Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT), and lab testing. Other testing may include an electroencephalogram (EEG) and MRI of the Brain.
Treatment options consist of behavioral interventions, medication, or a combination of both. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is also recommended at times for apneas.
Referral to psychology is sometimes necessary to treat some sleep disorders that may be caused by anxiety or depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy is an example of a therapy used by psychologists to help some individuals with sleep disorders. Referral to the ear, nose, and throat physicians may be required for consideration of a surgical intervention if obstructive sleep apnea is occurring.
Staff at NNP are available to help evaluate your child for many different type of sleep disorders and to help you understand the diagnosis. Necessary referrals to other physicians or therapist will be provided to help your child in this process. Should medication be warranted, we will discuss with you the best options.